I started hunting 15 years ago with my father. Back then, I knew nothing about binoculars and their applications during hunting. I didn’t even have one! Few years later, I got one and started seeing the benefits of owning a pair, and then got another for my hunting activities. It was a game changer that gave a serious boost to my pursuit.
Now, I can scout my prey from a long distance. It would be impossible to do so without a high-quality binocular pair. In fact, my pair do outperform spotting scopes in many cases, especially during short-to mid-range hunting!
Most importantly, binoculars help you identify the right prey. Accidents during hunting happen more often than you might think. A good pair can minimize the risks of shooting anything else except your target.
So, if you are in search of the best hunting binoculars in the world, you might find this buying guide quite useful.
Hunting Binocular: A Quick Comparison (updated in 2021)
|Pick Name||Thumbnail||Product Name||Price|
|Editor’s Choice||Bushnell H2O Waterproof/Fogproof Roof Prism Binocular||Check Price|
|Budget Buy||Bushnell Falcon 133410 Binocular||Check Price|
|Advanced Choice||Bushnell Legend Ultra HD Roof Prism Binocular||Check Price|
|Compact Choice||Bushnell Powerview Compact Folding Roof Prism Binocular||Check Price|
|Great for Adults||SkyGenius 10 x 50 Powerful Full-Size Binoculars for Adults||Check Price|
|6th||Vortex Optics Diamondback Roof Prism Binoculars||Check Price|
|7th||Bushnell Falcon 10×50 Wide Angle Binoculars||Check Price|
|8th||Vortex Optics Diamondback Classic Binoculars||Check Price|
|9th||Carson 3D Series High Definition Waterproof Binoculars||Check Price|
|10th||Bushnell PermaFocus Wide Angle Porro Prism Binocular||Check Price|
The 10 Best Hunting Binoculars
1 Bushnell H2O Waterproof/Fogproof Roof Prism Binocular (Editor’s Choice)
Our expert team chose the Bushnell H2O Waterproof/Fog proof Roof Prism Binoculars as the finest choice that will enhance your hunt experience for years to come. The reasons are many.
First of all, Bushnell has been the leader in the industry for more than 65 years. Their core values include the highest quality, excellent optics, and reliability.
One of the strongest assets of this model is its multi-coated optics. As a result, this pair has the extraordinary light transmission ability. In addition, image brightness is impeccable. When it comes to prisms, this model has the BaK-4 prisms. As a result, the image is bright and stunningly clear.
This Bushnell waterproof and fog-proof prism pair has 10x magnification. In addition, it has a 42-mm objective diameter and a 12-foot close focus distance.
This model has both front and back lens covers. Furthermore, we appreciate the fact that this pair is both fog and waterproof. The nitrogen-purged device has the O-ring seal protection. The greatest advantage of this particular model is its 100% waterproof feature. You can literally immerse it into the water and the device will not be damaged. Similarly, even rapid, sudden, and drastic temperature and humidity changes won’t cause fog.
These shock-proof binoculars are equipped with non-slip rubber armor. The soft touch texture of this element is responsible for absorbing shock. At the same time, it provides a firm grip, so you can safely handle your device.
They eyecups are a twist-up model. There is a long eye relief for extra comfortable use. It measures 17 mm. This is a highly adjustable device. It has large focus knobs. You can quickly operate them.
The binoculars measure 7 x 6 x 3 inches and weigh 1.56 lbs. This model also comes with a comfortable strap and a case.
This model has 305/102 feet@1000yds/m@1000m field of view. Last but not least, we love its aesthetically pleasing appearance, touch, and feel. The device comes with a limited lifetime warranty.
- 10x magnification
- 42-mm objective diameter
- 305/102 feet@1000yds/m@1000m field of view
- 7 x 6 x 3 inches dimensions
- 56 lbs. weight
- 12-foot close focus distance
- 2 mm exit pupils
- BaK-4 prisms
- 100% waterproof.
- This device produces HD clarity image
- Optimum 10x magnification is excellent for hunting
- Superb light transmission
- 100% waterproof due to the O-ring seal
- Impeccable for-proof protection
- Doesn’t come with the tripod mountable part or the base clip
The crisp, HD image quality combined with impeccable, 100% waterproofing and fog-proof features of these binoculars make them stand out. This is why we chose this device as the top of the list. Get this top rated pair for its nice magnification, image clarity, and durability.
2 Bushnell Falcon 133410 Binocular (Budget Buy)
The Falcon series by Bushnell is famous for smooth magnification and quality features offered at affordable prices. Let’s find what goodies are packed under the hood.
The key feature of the Bushnell Falcon 133410 binoculars is the InstaFocus technology. It’s a patented one, so, be assured that you can’t find it anywhere else. This system enables you to focus on moving targets easily and in no time. This feature is not found often in binoculars and, at the same time, it is very useful for hunters.
Versatility is one of its strongest assets of Bushnell when it comes to designing their optics. This pair is a good choice for shed hunting, stadium sports, and birding. It is a very durable device with some peculiar features rarely found even in more expensive devices.
Furthermore, the device has an integrated auto-focus Porro prism. In combination with a satisfactory 7x magnification, this is a decent hunting binocular. Lens diameter measures 35 mm. It has a 20-feet close focusing distance.
It has a 420-ft. FOV at 1000 yards. It has a 12-mm eye relief and 5-mm exit pupil. You can safely maneuver this device, as it has a non-slip rubber grip pad.
It has convenient fold-down eyecups. This is excellent for people wearing prescription glasses and sunglasses while hunting. It protects them from scratching. These binos come with a quality strap and a good case. It also comes with a tripod bush.
Here’s another catch, these glasses are reasonably priced, yet they are fully coated optics. As a result, you get an excellent light transmission out of them.
- 7X magnification
- 35-millimeter lens diameter
- 20-foot close focusing distance
- 8 pounds weight
- 8 x 6.2 x 3 inches
- 12-millimeter eye relief
- 5-millimeter exit pupil
- 420-foot field of view at 1,000 yards.
- It is the most affordable model in this list
- Excellent specifications and value for the price
- Good magnification of 7x
- This device comes with a tripod bush, a case, and a neck strap
- Very good field of view
- Some users said it was not good enough for mid-distance viewing
Though this pair is inexpensive, it’s packed with the most useful features. Namely, the Porro prism and fully coated lenses are responsible for crisp imaging. These binoculars are suitable for hunters wearing eyeglasses or sunglasses. They do work great with the association of a binocular harness. In addition, the device has the InstaFocus smart, quick focus system rarely seen in other similar devices. All these features make them the best budget binoculars for hunting out there that you can try out.
3 Bushnell Legend Ultra HD Roof Prism Binocular (Advanced Choice)
We started our hunting binoculars review with some amazing Bushnell models and here comes another one. Bushnell really dominates this section of binoculars and Bushnell Legend Ultra HD Roof Prism Binocular model is not the exception.
The strongest asset of this Bushnell model is the ED Prime Glass. It plays the key role in exceptional optics of this device. This type of low dispersion glass accounts for amazing color detail, i.e. excellent color resolution. Secondly, it is responsible for the perfect contrast. It eliminates chromatic aberration. Therefore, it is very good for low-light conditions as well. The ED Prime Glass is reinforced with ultra-wideband coatings for even better results.
Another feature we loved about these binoculars is the anti-reflection coating. As a result, the maximum amount of light from the front glass penetrates the optic system of the device, all the way to the eyepiece. Hence, the device enables excellent brightness and true colors.
This device has a very good magnification. The 10x magnification is combined with 42-mm aperture. This is considered the golden measure for hunting binoculars. Therefore, you will definitely be satisfied with the output.
In addition, the device provides extra-wide FOV. It measures 340/113. It also has a very long eye-relief, measuring 17.2 mm. Another peculiarity of this model is the PC-3 phase coating of the prisms responsible for enhanced resolution and contrast.
Furthermore, another lens coating increases the performance of this device. Namely, we are talking about the RainGuard HD water-repellent coating. Therefore, this is a waterproof device.
Similarly, it is fog-proof. You can safely use it in environments with different temperature and humidity, without fear of fog. It has twist-up eyecups. It can be adapted to a tripod.
Let’s talk about the design and exterior of this interesting model. It has an advanced chassis, compared to other similar devices. It is made from magnesium. Therefore, this is a lightweight device. It weighs only 1.54 lbs. It measures 5.28 x 4.02 x 6.89 inches.
It is also rich in accessories making it a good value for the money you might spend on it. It comes with a soft case, a microfiber pouch, and a neck strap.
- 10x magnification
- 42-mm aperture
- 340/113 FOV
- 54 lbs.
- 28 x 4.02 x 6.89 inches
- 2-mm exit pupil
- 2 mm eye relief
- BAK-4 prism glass.
- This device has lead-free glass.
- It has advanced technologies, such as the ED Prime Glass and special coatings.
- Excellent field of view.
- Very good eye relief.
- 100% waterproof and fog-proof model.
- Very good magnification and lens diameter provide a clear
- The device is made in China, which is a disadvantage according to some users.
- Some users report that it is difficult to connect the strap to the binocular.
This device has the golden balance regarding the magnification and lens diameter, combining 10x magnification and 42-mm aperture. The output is the clearest and crispiest image possible. The excellent eye relief measuring 17.2 mm makes this model suitable for hunters with glasses. In addition, experts appreciate advanced systems, such as the ED Prime Glass and anti-reflection coatings and you can easily get it under 200 USD.
4 Bushnell Powerview Compact Folding Roof Prism Binocular
When it comes to hunting binoculars, compact size and form are very important factors for successful hunting. Large and heavy binoculars won’t help, especially if you have to catch a highly movable prey.
Therefore, Bushnell Powerview Compact Folding Roof Prism Binocular is an excellent choice for those who value ultra-compact design. In addition, the manufacturer enriched this model with non-slip armor made from rubber. It has two roles: absorbing shock and providing an ultra-safe grip. In general, these binoculars are fashionable and have a contemporary design.
When it comes to optics, the feature especially appreciated by the users and the experts are the fully coated optics. This results in a brighter view.
8x magnification is suitable for hunting. The lens diameter is somewhat smaller than that of other similar devices. It measures 21 mm. With fold-down eyecups, the device has a central focus system.
The roof prism technology itself dictates some of the features. One of them is the price range of this model. Furthermore, the prism glass type is the BK-7. They come with a neck strap and a carrying case.
- 8x magnification
- 21 mm lens diameter
- Prism Glass: BK-7
- Close Focus 21/6.4 ft/m
- 378/126 FOV
- 10 mm eye relief
- 6 exit pupil
- 195 g weight
- Excellent, contemporary design.
- Easy to handle and maneuver.
- 8x magnification is suitable for hunting.
- Fully coated optics ensure a brighter
- Compact size and form.
- It can be shipped only to the USA.
- These binoculars are not water/fog proof.
- This model cannot be adapted to a tripod.
If you’re looking for a compact design, try this one today. The form and size are perfectly determined by experienced Bushnell’s skilled designers. In addition, this model has an 8x magnification and fully coated lens, which provides very good imaging.
5 SkyGenius 10 x 50 Powerful Full-Size Binoculars for Adults
The key feature of this model by SkyGenius is its power. This is definitely one of the most powerful models of hunting binoculars in the market.
Its size, performance, and required skills clearly indicate that this model is suitable for adults. 10x magnification is combined with 50 mm lens diameter. These binoculars are suitable for different kinds of environments, both open and deep forests, as they function perfectly even in conditions with low light.
The clear image is obtained through a multiple layer coated lens. The lens ensures minimal distortion. The contrast, colors, brightness, detail, and overall image quality are excellent.
Another thing we liked when testing this product was the smooth touch and feel. It is a very solid, comfortable device. It is durable and shock-resistant while the rubber finish enables safe maneuvering.
The central adjustment system ensures quick and easy use. Each eyepiece can be calibrated separately. This enables extra-clear views. The peculiarity of this model is the use of the unique corrective optical coating that’s responsible for allowing excellent light transmission and providing color fidelity. The large FOV allows wide images and a superb tunnel vision experience.
The binoculars come with a bag, a strap, a gentle cleaning cloth, and lens caps. They weigh 1.75 lbs.
- 10x magnification
- 50-mm lens diameter
- 367 ft/1,000 yds FOV
- 48 x 6.69 x 3.97 inches
- Weight equals 1.76 lbs.
- 2-degree vision angle
- 5-mm exit pupil
- The wide image allows extra-comfortable prey following.
- Very good magnification and lens diameter balance.
- Large FOV.
- The central adjustment system enables effortless use.
- Separate eyepiece calibration.
- The objective lens has no coating.
- This model is not waterproof.
- The model is not suitable for hunters with glasses.
The key features of this model by SkyGenius include large FOV, which is perfect for following prey that move quickly. Furthermore, it is easy to use due to its comfortable central wheel. Any adult, experienced hunter will be in love with this device. It is also good for bird watching, nature observation, and sports. Above all, with all it’s useful features, this unit is a good value with a price point well under 150 dollars.
6 Vortex Optics Diamondback Roof Prism Binoculars
This model combines 10x magnification, suitable both for wooded and open areas, with a 28-mm objective lens diameter. These features provide excellent optical quality. In addition, its multi-coated lenses ensure image brightness as they transmit more light.
The strongest asset of this binocular is one of the largest fields of view in the market. You will enjoy the comfort of hunting with these binoculars. The field of view measures 273 feet/1000 yards. The angle equals 5.1 degrees.
Another strong asset of this model is its durability. Sleek design, rubber armor, non-slip grip, and short-hinge structure ensure comfortable use.
That’s not all! This device is waterproof and fog-proof. It is suitable even in extreme weather conditions and different environments. The device has argon-purging protection.
Eyecups are adjustable. The system is a twist-up. Eye relief is also adjustable. Normally, it measures 16 mm. Close focus equals 6.5 feet.
Last but not least, let’s say that this model had set one of the standards when it comes to price vs. performance of hunting binoculars.
The model comes in a semi-hard neoprene foam case. Also, you will get a comfortable neck strap.
- 10x magnification
- 28-mm lens diameter
- 273 feet/1000 yards FOV
- 1-degree angular field of view
- Interpupillary distance: 55-74 mm
- 55 pounds
- 4 x 4.6 x 3 inches
- Close focus 6.5 feet
- 8-mm exit pupil
- 16-mm eye relief.
- Highly adjustable model.
- Excellent FOV and angular FOV.
- Very good image quality and overall performance.
- Excellent price to performance standard.
- Multi-coated lenses for image brightness.
- Fog-proof and waterproof device.
- The device is made in China, which is a disadvantage according to some users.
- The device comes without a tripod
This is a very efficient hunting binocular model. It has a high-performance optical system. Its enhanced, multi-coated lenses provide very well, bright images. The device is very good in the low-light environment too.
Most noteworthy, this pair’s ultra-wide FOV makes it a unique choice from a myriad of options out there.
7 Bushnell Falcon 10×50 Wide Angle Binoculars
This model has 10x magnification and 55-mm lens diameter. This gives it a very good, 5-mm exit pupil value. Such features ensure excellent image quality and brightness.
The eye relief measures 9 mm. It is not the most efficient eye relief you will find today, but it is definitely satisfactory. The device can be used by hunters with glasses. Smart, fold-down eyecups also protect the lenses from scratches made by glasses.
This pair has a 25-ft. close focusing system. The Porro prism design facilitates stable imaging. In addition, fully coated lenses give very sharp results. The auto-focus system saves your time and effort. The InstaFocus feature enables fast focus, especially suitable for fast-moving targets.
This great device under $100 is abrasion-and scratch-resistant. The rubber coating ensures a safe grip. The device comes in a durable case, with a comfortable strap, lens cleaning cloth, and lens caps.
- 10x magnification
- 55-mm lens diameter
- 25-foot close focus
- 27 oz. Weight
- 9-mm eye relief
- 5-mm exit pupil
- 300 ft/1000 yds. field of view
- 3 x 8.2 x 4.2 inches.
- Excellent optics.
- The device comes with lots of accessories.
- Auto-focus for effortless use.
- Very good image brightness.
- The device is not waterproof.
When we were testing this device, we liked its responsiveness. It has the auto-focus system reinforced with the InstaFocus technology. This saves your time and effort when focusing a prey that moves very fast. The 10x magnification and 55-mm lens diameter provide bright, quality imaging. We believe they are the best binoculars for elk hunting.
8 Vortex Optics Diamondback Classic Binoculars
Like its Viper HD model, Vortex has integrated a roof prism system in this model. It is a full-size model with 10x magnification. This excellent magnification is enhanced with a 42-mm lens diameter. Its field of view equals to 345 feet/1000 yards while the angle measures 6.6 degrees.
One of the peculiarities of this model is the VIP lifetime warranty. It is an unconditional warranty which includes all kinds of repairs! Getting this type of warranty is really rare for this kind of device.
In addition, we loved the fact that the lenses have multi-coating. They are both waterproof and fog-proof. This model has the O-ring sealing. Furthermore, it is argon-purged with 100% weatherproofing.
The device comes with a comfortable neck-strap. It also comes with lens covers, a rain guard, and a deluxe case.
- 10x magnification
- 42 mm lens diameter
- Field of view 345 feet/1000 yards
- 6-degree angle
- Close Focus: 5 feet
- Objective Lens Diameter 42 mm
- 9 x 5.6 x 1.75 inches
- 53 lbs.
- 100% waterproofing makes it suitable for different environments and weather conditions.
- 10x magnification and 42 mm lens diameter account for excellent image quality.
- Argon-purged for extra safety against humidity.
- Crisp and bright image.
- Good FOV suitable for hunting.
- Lenses don’t have the full coating layers, i.e. the dust, oil, and fingerprint-repellent coatings are missing.
This model is suitable for wet and humid hunting environments. It has several types of coatings that protect the lenses from the water. These include argon protection system and the O-ring sealing. Finally, this model has an amazing magnification/lens diameter ratio; i.e., the 10×42 specs.
9 Carson 3D Series High Definition Waterproof Binoculars
This model has a decent, 8x magnification. It is good for hunting in wooded areas. The magnification is combined with a 32-mm lens diameter.
The field of view measures 392 feet at 1,000 yds. The eye relief is extra-large that measures an unbelievable 19.5 mm while twist-down eyecups reinforce this amazing feature. The Carson 3D Series is the perfect choice for hunters that wear glasses.
The device has the superior BAK–4 prism glass. Weighing only 1.2 lbs., it is suitable even for beginners. It will not represent a burden at any moment, even after hours of hunting. The device measures 5 x 2 x 5 inches.
One of the strongest assets of this model is the ED glass. It results in a sharp and bright image. It also reduces color fringing. Furthermore, this is a waterproof and fog-proof device. This excellent model has the O-ring seal and is nitrogen-purged. The lenses are multi-coated.
It comes with lots of accessories. You will get a comfortable neck strap, shoulder harness, lens cloth, and covers, as well as a durable, deluxe case.
In addition, we loved the touch and feel of this model. Its rubber armor provides a very good grip. Ergonomic design allows simple use. This is especially true for nicely positioned thumb grooves.
At the same time, this is a durable, shock-proof and sturdy model. The device can be mounted to a tripod. However, the tripod and the adapter are not included in the package.
- 8x magnification
- 32-mm lens diameter
- 392 feet at 1,000 yds FOV
- 5-mm eye relief
- 5 x 2 x 5 inches total dimensions
- 2 lbs.
- BAK–4 prism glass.
- The long eye relief in the market for extra comfort.
- Suitable for hunters with glasses.
- Good magnification/lens diameter balance.
- Suitable for wooded areas.
- Lightweight and easy to use.
- ED glass and multi-coated lenses for superb performance.
- This model doesn’t come with a tripod adapter.
If you are looking for a model suitable for wooded areas, lightweight, and durable hunting device that is priced under 300 USD, Carson 3D Series will be the perfect choice. This model is equipped with top-notch features, such as the BAK-4 prism glass, ED glass, multi-coated lens, and the O-ring seal. In short, these are the best all around hunting binoculars the money can buy.
10 Bushnell PermaFocus Wide Angle Porro Prism Binocular
PermaFocus series is well-known for stunning clarity obtained without adjustments that require special skills, time, and effort. The focus-free feature of these binoculars is their key peculiarity. It makes them excellent for instantaneous viewing. In addition, we realized that this feature is useful at any distance!
Therefore, these binoculars are not only good for hunting but for observing sports events, wildlife, as well as use during cold, winter days. You don’t have to deal with gloves and focus adjustments anymore!
Let’s talk about the key features of any binoculars – the magnification and the lens. 10x magnification is combined with 55 mm lens diameter. These binoculars are based on the Porro prism system and have twist-up eyecups.
Another advantage is the optics are fully coated that gives you a bright and crisp image. This model is carefully designed for extra safety and easy maneuvering. It has non-slip rubber armor that acts as shock-absorbent and provides a firm grip.
These mid size binoculars are also mid priced under 500 dollars.
- 10x magnification
- 55 mm lens diameter
- Field of view: 294/98 Ft@1000 yds / m@1000 m
- Eye relief 12 mm
- Exit pupil 3.2 mm
- BK 7 prism glass
- 400 g weight
- Extra-safe grip allowed by the non-slip armor.
- Very good magnification for superb prey identification.
- Bright and crisp image.
- Fully coated optics.
- The focus-free system allows easy use.
- These binoculars are not waterproof.
- There is no tripod adapter.
- They can be shipped only within the USA.
These Porro prism binoculars by Bushnell are unique for the PermaFocus system and wide-angle view field. They’re easy to use, have a comfortable and safe grip and fully coated optics.
So many hunters choose this pair because of the focus-free, effortless use. In addition, we chose these as one of the top-rated binos due to their very good magnification of 10x.
Best Hunting Binoculars Reviews – Ultimate Buying Guide
There are several factors important for choosing the proper hunting binoculars. We can’t say with certainty that there is one perfect model on the market. For the reason that there are different types of hunting, game animal sizes, and hunting environments, you will have to find your right fit. For example, you need to have long range glass pairs if you are up for whitetails or elks than that required for turkeys since whitetails will notice longer distant movements.
1. Your Hunting Area
The hunting location and the type of environment you’ll be doing your job in plays an important role in choosing hunting binoculars. When it comes to hunting, we usually talk about two types of environment:
- Open space
- Wooded area.
As you probably already know, hunting binoculars require magnification from 7x to 12x. However, there is an enormous difference between 7x and 12x itself. Some environments require even 14 or up to 19x!
How to choose the right magnification? You should first determine the type of environment you will use them in. Remember that wooded areas imply that your target is close to you and you also have less light.
On the contrary, open areas imply that your prey will be far away. On the other hand, there is enough natural light.
Long story short, the key differences between hunting in the woods and in an open area include vision limitation and the amount of light which significantly differs in these two types of environments.
In the woods, your vision is limited to approximately 100 yards. Choosing a 7x or 8x magnification device is the right decision. A pair with a built-in rangefinder can take the game to the next level.
On the contrary, open spaces, such as fields, require more magnification. Anything between 10x and 12x will be great. If you are hunting in completely open fields, make sure to get a device that supports tripod mounting.
Similarly, always remember that open areas require more zoom. More zoom means image instability. In order to shoot your prey, such as a deer, a coyote or a turkey, you will need a tripod. As we have already said if you plan to use your binoculars in an open area, opt for a model that can be mounted on a tripod.
Therefore, binoculars with magnification more than 10x are suitable for deer stalking and hunting. Don’t worry about the weight since you will anyway have to mount it to a tripod. You will need some time to spot prey that moves quickly.
Last but not least, you might want to use your binoculars in different types of environments. If that is the case, what is the solution?
Our experts believe that 10x magnification is what we need. This magnification, together with a good lens diameter of 42 mm, provides excellent predispositions for comfortable use of your binoculars both in an open area and in a wooded zone.
2. Size & Portability
When choosing your hunting binoculars, weight directly affects its portability. Similarly, size matters. Remember that your equipment should be as light as possible, as hours of hunting may become overwhelming.
Size and portability are especially important features for bowhunting. You will have to make quick moves and use the binoculars with one hand.
Finally, these are the reasons why large and heavy binoculars are not a good choice. It is true that the devices with magnification higher than 10x will be somewhat heavier. But, there are compact binoculars to help you in this regard.
This is why you must evaluate your needs. If you don’t need such a strong magnification, don’t choose it. It will do more harm than good. Remember that high magnification means extreme image shaking.
Last but not least, don’t forget that every ounce matters when you go hunting.
3. Brightness & Quality of Image
Image brightness is extremely important for hunting. But how to achieve that? You should know that the exit pupil is one of the key factors in the image brightness.
As we will define it in one of the following sections, the exit pupil is actually the measure of the diameter of the light beam that comes out of the eyepiece. Interestingly, if you divide the value of the lens diameter by the value of magnification, you will get the value of the exit pupil!
For example, if you have a pair with an 8x magnification and a 42-mm lens diameter, dividing 42 by 8 gives us the exit pupil value that equals to 5.25mm.
However, what does a narrower or wider exit pupil actually mean? The narrower value means that the image falls on a smaller area of your retinas. As a result, the image seems dimmer. This means that you want a wider exit pupil for better results.
Simply put, if you use the same lenses, but increase the magnification, you will decrease the image brightness. This is why you need to choose the magnification/lens diameter ratio wisely. Hunters need a high quality image from long distances in Western hunting due to the complex floral composition of the landscape and the vastness of it.
4. Lens Quality & Coating
Lens coatings play a very important role in minimizing negative effects from the environment and thus reinforcing the image quality.
First of all, lens coatings minimize the amount of reflected light. As a result, the amount of light that enters the optical system is maximized.
a) Coated optics
They are usually cheaper than fully coated optics. They provide a single-layer anti-reflective coating.
b) Fully coated optics
This refers to a coating applied to all air-to-glass surfaces. Each surface is coated with a single anti-reflective layer.
c) Multi-coated optics
This is the most common type. It is more expensive than the first two types we described. Multi-coated lenses imply multi-layer anti-reflective coating on one or more surfaces.
d) Fully multi-coated lenses
This type is the most expensive but provides the much-needed anti-reflective protection. All air-to-glass surfaces are coated with several layers of the anti-reflective coatings.
Except for the anti-reflective coatings, there are other types of coatings as well. Those include a phase correction coating that enables a sharper image; metallic mirror coating that leads to a brighter image or the water-repellent coating. You should choose a device with the anti-scratch coating as well.
5. Basic Terminologies
Magnification is the most important thing you have to consider. First of all, how can you easily identify the magnification value? It is always designated with an “x.” For example, if your device says “8x,” this means that it can magnify an object eight times.
In other words, let’s imagine you are observing a bird from 800 meters away. If you use binoculars with 8x magnification, the bird will appear as if it was only 100 meters away!
Don’t forget that you get the effect of “tunnel vision” with high magnification. This means that your awareness will be narrowed down to a limited area if you use higher magnification. Similarly, magnification affects the field of view, but we will focus on this topic a bit later.
b) Objective Lens Size
This is another important factor, as it determines the amount of light that enters the binoculars. Simply put, the bigger the objective lens size, the better for the low light environment.
How will you quickly recognize the objective lens size value? Look for it after the mark of the magnification. It is always stated immediately after the “x” mark.
c) Water and Fog Proof Feature
Waterproofing is so important, especially for hunting in humid conditions. Even if you think that you don’t need waterproofing, we assure you that your binoculars will have to face water at least once during their lifetime. And once is enough to ruin them if they don’t have waterproof coatings and features.
You will be using your device outdoors. So, waterproofing is one of the most important features of a good pair. We recommend the O-ring seal and additional coatings. Superb waterproofing solutions enable flawless device performance even after hours spent in water!
Rubber coating is also a good choice that provides not only waterproofing but also a shock-absorbent feature to your device.
Similarly, fog-proofing is very important. Temperature and humidity differences may cause fogging. This is a very annoying problem when hunting. Make sure you choose a device with anti-fog protection.
d) Eye Relief
Simply put, eye relief denotes the distance between your eyes and the ocular lenses. As a result, this enables or disables its operation if you wear glasses.
Here is the standard classification according to the eye relief:
- Short range from 9 to 13 mm
- Midrange from 14 to 16 mm
- Long range 17mm and above
Eye relief is also important for those who are used to wearing sunglasses when hunting. Also, advanced models have extendable and adjustable eyepieces.
Field of view is, simply put, the measure of the area you can see with your binoculars. It is expressed in degrees. The larger the FOV degree, the larger the area. This means the larger the degree, the better.
There is a correlation between the device’s power and the field of view. Remember this rule: higher power means narrower FOV.
Let’s consider this simple representation, to get a better mental image of the FOV codependency from other factors. For example, if you use the 8x magnification instead of 10x, you get 20% wider FOV. But first you should understand what the numbers on binoculars mean.
f) Relative Brightness Index (RBI)
The Relative Brightness Index shows the performance of your binos in an environment with poor light. There is a tight relation between the exit pupil and the RBI. If you take the square of the exit pupil value, you will get the RBI.
For example, if the exit pupil value equals 4.5, the RBI value equals 20.25. How to choose the RBI value? If you stick to at least 20 RBI, you will get your desired device.
g) Exit Pupil
As we had already mentioned before, the exit pupil value shows the ratio between the lens diameter and binocular magnification. In general, a 7-mm exit pupil allows maximum light intake and is therefore considered to be the optimum choice for a dark environment.
Simply put, the larger the exit pupil, the more light absorbed by the binoculars. Hence, you will get a brighter image.
You don’t have to buy a device with a large exit pupil value if you know that you will be hunting in an environment with a lot of natural light. Actually, choosing a smaller exit pupil value is a wise decision in this case. Your binoculars will collect less light. As a result, the image will be clearer.
Here’s another pro tip: don’t choose lenses with less than 30-mm diameter. The chances that you won’t be able to see any details are high.
Collimation actually means optical alignment. What does optical alignment mean? If the lens optical axis is well-aligned with high precision, we say that the binoculars are well-collimated, i.e. optically well-aligned.
Collimation directly affects the binoculars performance. As aligning the optics is not easy, special equipment, which is very expensive, is used during the collimation process. So, one of the signs that your pair is well-collimated is the higher price.
There are two types of focus: the independent focus and the central focusing system. Both have advantages and disadvantages. Let’s take a look at their pros and cons.
The independent focus allows you to arrange and adjust each eyepiece separately, i.e. independently. You should choose this type of binoculars if you are going to use them for heavy field use.
On the other hand, the central focusing system allows adjusting both tubes simultaneously by rotating the central focusing wheel. This saves your time, energy, and effort. The good thing is, you can additionally adjust one of the two eyepieces for better results.
Finally, we must say that most experts recommend choosing binoculars with the central focus for hunting purposes.
Prisms are another important element of binos. What is the role of the prisms? They allow viewing the image correctly, in the right way.
Today, BaK-4 glass is considered the finest option for prisms. It is superior to the BaK-7 type.
Similarly, you need to be able to differentiate between the roof and Porro prisms. We already talked about the key differences between these two types. Today, roof prisms are more popular as they are more portable and compact. However, we must not underestimate the affordability of Porro prisms and their exceptional image quality.
6. Stability & Comfort
When hunting, stability, and comfort of your device play a very important role in obtaining impeccable results. You will use the binoculars for many hours and you want a safe grip, non-slip material, and ergonomic design.
Like the budget, warranty matters. Binoculars are usually not very cheap and investing in this piece of vision equipment should be reinforced with a good warranty. Some manufacturers offer 2-5 years of warranty while others provide a limited lifetime warranty. You can even find highest rated models with VIP, unlimited lifetime warranty.
8. Price-to-Quality Ratio
When choosing your binoculars, one of your goals should be the optimum price/quality ratio. It is important to invest in a good pair of binoculars, as this will directly affect your hunting performance. According to the experts, a good binocular pair can imply up to 60% better hunting results!
Even though price does usually show quality, don’t forget that the most expensive device does not always imply the highest quality. You can find amazing binoculars at affordable prices too. There is a fine nuance between quality and price which is artificially increased due to a posh feature or attractive design that does not affect your performance.
Hunting Binoculars – The Basics
Hunting binoculars are a vision device designed to give you a crisp image of the horizon and clearly see your target/prey. Binoculars are essential for glassing in the wild and successful hunting.
The importance of binoculars comes immediately after the importance of your weapons. This device helps you identify your target and look for the prey comfortably with both eyes. You can hardly detect a moving duck from a distance of 300 yards without a glassing aid.
You must learn more about binoculars in general. Specifically, you should learn about the basics and properties of binoculars, i.e. how they work.
Similarly, you must know parts of binoculars and the importance of each technical feature for effortless use when hunting.
How Hunting Binoculars Work
As most vision devices do, hunting binoculars use a magnification lens. This is the essence of any binocular pair. The lens is responsible for light gathering and magnification.
Also, each ocular has a prism. The role of the prism is to show the image in the correct direction that also happens to the human eye. If there was no prism, you would be seeing an upside-down, backward image!
In order to understand the principle behind the hunting binoculars better, you need to know there are two types of design – roof prism and Porro prism.
The roof prism design usually leads to a high power device. The oculars are placed close to each other. As a result, the image is stable. However, these binoculars are not adjustable and it takes skills to keep the image steady.
The Porro prism models were the most common until the 1960s. This is when the roof prisms were invented. The Porro prism is good for image stabilization and there is a larger hinge between the oculars. They are usually larger and you can make more adjustments.
On the other hand, their greatest disadvantage is that their lenses are less powerful than those of the roof prism binos. As a result, you can easily get a steady view.
When these two model types are compared, we can’t help but notice that the roof prism technology requires a more complex inside structure and more precision during the manufacturing process. As a result, these models are more expensive.
Porro prism design is invincible when it comes to budget models, while roof prism models can ensure a superb, impeccable performance.
Care & Maintenance Tips
If you are a passionate hunter, we are sure that you do take care of your weapons and hunting gear. Your weapons need cleaning and care after each session, especially during the hunting season. Similarly, the optics of your binoculars can become dirty over time even if yours are night vision binoculars.The dirt can come from the environment – forest, leaves, bugs and insects, soil, or even your hands.
This is why you must clean the binocular, especially the lenses, in order to maintain the quality of the optics and ensure the desired viewing results. You definitely don’t want to face a blurry field of view next time you go hunting! Keep the following things in mind:
- Always read the User’s Manual provided by the manufacturer. You will find many useful rules and tips there.
- Use a moist cloth to clean the rims, focus wheels, and the barrels.
- Don’t exhale air onto the lenses when trying to clean them.
- Get a special lens cleaning cloth made from microfiber. Dampen the cloth with water. If you can use a solution made especially for the optics, that’s great. Gently rub the lens in a circular motion.
- Always use the lens caps when your binoculars are not in use.
- Always use the protective case when you are not using the binoculars.
A Word from RangerExpert
Since we want to keep you in touch with some of the most best hunting binocular brands and their binocular products, here is a list most reputable brands that you shouldn’t miss out on: Leica, Scheels (popular model- Dakota), Zeiss and Nikon (popular model-8218 trailblazer 10×25).
We believe that we provided a detailed and comprehensive guide on getting to know parts, technologies, and principles behind binoculars for hunting. In addition, we wanted to teach you how to recognize quality models and understand the binocular types.
In the end, let’s point out that your choice should always be based on your own requirements. Don’t forget to share your experience with us using the comments section below.