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Composite Bow Vs Longbow: 7 Key Differences to Consider

composite bow vs longbow
Written by Catherine Weeks

Do you know that using a wrong type of bow regarding your physical characteristics, height, age, strength, and proficiency level can make an intermediate level archer look like a total beginner or even an upper-intermediate user shoot like a poor archer?

Yes, it is true. I’ve seen lots of people struggling with their bows and improving their skills in only several days of practice after picking a different type of bow. Choosing the most suitable longbow and composite bow makes a huge difference.

This refers to your performance, ease of use, and how fast you improve yourself. Therefore, it is very important to become familiar with the difference between composite bow vs longbow.

Longbows are sometimes seen as traditional, oversized and heavy bows, while composite bows are sometimes underrated regarding their power. We are here to bust the myths and provide truthful information on composite bows and longbows. Also, we will talk about their design and how it affects performance. Most noteworthy, we will teach you how to pick the correct model for your needs.

Differences Between Composite Bow vs Longbow


Composite bows and longbows have lots of similarities, but also many differences that dictate the use, maintenance, repair, as well as the pros and cons of these two bow types. The factors that make them different from each other include:

  • Design
  • Material
  • Uses
  • Benefits
  • Draw length
  • Limitations
  • Maintenance and care guidelines

1. Design

The main part of this longbow vs composite bow comparison is the design. Each of these two bow types have their own design features that make them stand out, both aesthetically and from the aspect of performance. Let’s see what the composite and longbow design peculiarities are.

Composite bow Longbow
Design of composite bows is perhaps the most interesting design of the mall. Why is that so? Simply put, composite bows are made from two or more materials, which implies that they are made from pieces as well.

If we observe the traditional design of these bows, they have a triple-layer structure. Those three layers include wood, horn, and sinew. However, today, we use other different materials. We will talk about the composite bow materials more in the following sections.

When it came to the shape, these bows resemble the recurve bows, i.e. their shape is recurved.

Longbow is usually made from wood. It doesn’t have to be several kinds or pieces. On the contrary, longbows are usually made from one piece. This is the key difference between this type and the composite type.

Moreover, one of the most prominent design features of longbows are D-shaped limb-string forms. They resemble a crescent. There are no additional curves on the limbs.

Also, the first thing you notice about the longbow design is its extraordinary length. Actually, longbows are the longest bows ever made!

2. Material

We cannot imagine this comparison completed without a section on the materials. Materials play a very important role in the quality and performance of bows, especially when it comes to composite bows.

Composite bow Longbow
While getting a strong composite bow, its material comes on top. The name itself – composite bow, implies that this bow type is made from two or more different materials. The traditional version of composite bows is made from a wooden core and horn and sinew on the outside.

Today, different producers choose different materials, but the principle is the same. There must be three materials. Usually, we see various types of wood glued together or combined with fiberglass, or even a very interesting material called carbon fiber.

When it comes to the choice of the wood, composite bow core is usually made from red elm or maple. Other popular wood types include cedar and bamboo.

As we have already mentioned in the previous section, longbows are usually made from wood. Today, laminated wood is most commonly used for this type of bows. In addition, carbon-centered bows are popular lately.

Another material often used for longbows is layered fiberglass. These modern materials provide better technical features for this type of bows. However, you can still find some amazing examples of good old wooden longbows.

3. Uses and benefits

Here we come to the most interesting part for the users – uses and benefits of composite bows and longbows. We highly recommend you to read the following sections with attention, as knowing more on the uses and advantages of each type will help you identify your perfect bow.

Composite bow Longbow
The key advantage of using a composite bow is its compact size. It is significantly smaller than an average longbow model. Similarly, composite bows are lighter than longbows.

Most noteworthy, these bows are powerful, strong, and flexible. These benefits result from the unique design of composite bows. Namely, each small piece of material used to construct the bow acts as a separate unit. In this way, the bow gets extra strength, while keeping its flexibility on a high level.

As a result, you should use a composite bow in motion. For example, it is an excellent choice for archery while riding a horse. You should also use it for flight shooting.

If you are looking for a bow with a straight-line arrow path, here it is – the longbow. Its design is responsible for such an interesting and convenient benefit.

Experts say that beginners and less experienced users can fully rely on a longbow. You can make satisfactory results with this type of bow, even at the beginning of your career/hobby activities, which is not easy with a shortbow.

This bow is also good for hunting, despite its large dimensions, due to the fact that it does not make much noise. This is the result of minimal contact between the limbs and the string.

Last but not least, longbows are elegant, vintage, and perfect for those who are amazed by the historic bow types.

4. Draw length

In this section, we want to share some important information on determining the draw length of your composite bow and longbow as per the dynamics of the bow and arrow. Pay attention to our instructions, as the correct draw length will heavily affect your performance. Let’s begin with the composite bow.

Composite bow Longbow
To calculate the perfect draw length of your composite bow, follow these simple steps. First, measure the distance between the nock point and the pivot point on the grip. Pay attention to the following: the measurement line must be perpendicular to the bow center line. Then, add 1.75 inches to the result. This is your perfect composite bow draw length. It matters as you want to aim your longbow. We recommend you to use a slightly different method if you want to determine the draw length of a longbow. First, precisely measure the value of the distance between the nock point and the throat grip. After that, simply add 1 ¾ of an inch to the previously obtained result. This is your longbow draw length.

5. Limitations

Except for their amazing features and benefits, both composite and longbows have certain limitations. Those limitations are the consequences of their specific design features and material types. Let’s see what those limitations are in detail.

Composite bow Longbow
One of the greatest flaws of composite bows is the limb twist sensitivity. Namely, these bows are sensitive to twist due to certain design features that ensure better performance. How can this problem be solved? The knees and ears of the bow should be reduced during the factory production process. How much should they be reduced? To the minimum loadbearing capacity! What are the consequences of this approach? The result is a somewhat reduced composite bow performance.

In addition, experts say that moist is another enemy and limitation of the composite bows. Even though it will not heavily damage your bow nor significantly affect your performance, it will drop the draw weight.

The greatest drawback or limitation of the longbow type is poor portability. As we have mentioned multiple times throughout the article, longbows are very long, as their name itself implies. It is not very easy to maneuver this type of bow, especially in the woods.

Furthermore, arrows will go a bit more slowly than those of the composite bow type. When it comes to repairs, we can say that this is another significant limitation. Stay with us and learn more in the following section.

6. Care and maintenance requirements

Care and maintenance are very important factors when you are choosing your bow type. If you are not a professional, you will probably not be able to buy a new bow every once in a while. In addition, your access to repair services might be limited. This is why you should think of the ease of repairs and maintenance requirements prior to your purchase.

Composite bow Longbow
Experts say that the best composite bows become better with time, just like wine. Therefore, we suggest you take good care of your composite bow and know more about it in order to benefit from it in the decades to come.

Pay special attention to the twisting tendency of your composite bow within the first three months of use. This is the period within which you can correct any deformations.

Moreover, try to use your bow as much as you can. This will actually improve the performance of the bow (and your own performance, of course).

When it comes to maintenance and care requirements, try to protect your bow from simultaneous effects of heat and moisture. Keep it in a shady place.

When it comes to ease of repairs, we must say that composite bows are easily fixed as they consist of several parts that are usually hand-made.

As we have already mentioned in the limitations section, longbow type is not the very best pick when it comes to maintenance and repair. Whether you make a longbow or get one from the market, the maintenance job is going to be hard.

When it comes to caring requirements, you should pay attention to moisture and exposure to direct sunlight, as this may damage the wood.


Composite bows are the best choice for expert archers who will use their bow in motion. If you are keen on traditional styles, i.e. you want to use your bow while riding a horse, look no more. A composite bow is supposed to be your top choice.

If you are a beginner or you prefer the English or Welsh bow style, and you are looking for a straight-line arrow path, we suggest you get a longbow. Also, if you want to buy a silent-operation bow, pick this type.

About the author

Catherine Weeks

Cathy believes that hunting is not about downing an animal; rather, it’s about enjoying the purity of this challenge and making a connection with nature.

She loves country music, horses, shooting, and hunting; and spends her weekends in the great outdoors with her husband and two kids.

Though Cathy has hunted most of her life, it was not until her partner gave her a bow that she realized she had finally found her passion.

She is always determined to share her missed opportunities, dedication, emotions, and small details that people often forget to mention when they talk about their hunting experiences.

Cathy also works to promote wildlife preservation and protect natural resources. She thinks “patience” is the most important thing that can make a big difference.

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